Coronavirus has attacked thousands of people in different countries and swallowed hundreds of casualties. In order not to be exposed to these infectious diseases, there are several ways that can be done to prevent the transmission of Corona viruses.
|5 Effective ways to prevent the Corona Virus from being infected|
The cause of this plague is a new type of coronavirus called coronavirus novel 2019 (2019-nCoV). This disease belongs to the same virus as the viral causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle-East respiratory syndrome (MERS).
Corona virus infection called COVID-19 was first occurred in the city of Wuhan, China and has now been found in many countries, including Indonesia.
Steps preventing the transmission of Corona Virus
The Virus is thought to be derived from animals, such as bats and camels, and can be transmitted from animals to humans, as well as from humans to humans. Human transmission is most likely through a splash of phlegm when coughing or sneezing.
When infected with Corona viruses, one will experience flu-like symptoms, such as fever, cough, and colds. However, a few days later, people infected with Corona virus infection may experience shortness of breath due to infection in the lungs.
To date, there have been no medications that can cure Corona virus infections. Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) urges people to not take a trivial look at the disease and to carry out preventive measures. One of them is by implementing social distancing.
Some steps can be taken to prevent the Corona virus infection, including:
1. Wash your hands properly
Properly washing your hands is the simplest but most effective way to prevent the spread of the virus 2019-nCoV. Wash hands with flowing water and soap, for at least 20 seconds. Make sure the entire hand is washed clean, including the back of your hand, wrists, fingers and nails. Afterwards, dry the hand using a tissue, a clean towel, or a hand dryer machine.
If you are a commuter worker who is in public transport, it will be difficult to find water and soap. You can clean your hands with a hand sanitizer. Use a hand sanitizer product with alcohol content of at least 60% to more effectively eradicate germs.
Wash hands regularly, especially before and after meals, after using the toilet, after touching the animal, removing the garbage, and after coughing or sneezing. A hand wash is also important before breastfeeding a baby or milking.
2. Using a mask
Many use cloth masks to prevent the Corona virus infection, whereas the mask is not necessarily effective. In general, there are two types of masks that you can use to prevent the transmission of Corona virus, which is the surgical mask and mask of N95.
Surgical mask or surgical mask is a commonly used disposable mask. This mask is easy to find, affordable, and comfortable to wear, so that many people use this mask during daily activities.
How to use the correct surgical mask is the colored side of the mask should face out, while the inside of the white side faces the face and covers the chin, nose, and mouth. The white side is made of material that can absorb dirt and filter germs from the air.
While not fully effective at preventing the exposure of germs, the use of this mask can still reduce the risk of spreading infectious diseases, including the Corona virus infection. The use of masks is recommended for people who are sick to prevent the spread of viruses and germs, rather than in healthy people.
While the N95 mask is a type of mask used as one of the personal protective equipment or PPE for the medical officer who treated the patient COVID-19.
When removing the mask from the face, either the surgical mask or the N95 mask, avoid touching the front of the mask, as the part is filled with the germs attached. After removing the mask, wash your hands with soap or hand sanitizer, so that the hands are clean from the germ attached.
3. Maintain endurance
Strong body endurance can prevent the emergence of various diseases. To maintain and improve endurance, you are advised to consume healthy foods, such as vegetables and fruits, and protein foods, such as eggs, fish, and lean meats.
If you are bored with your self-cooked food, you can buy ready meals or food in the restaurant through an intercompany message service, but make sure the food is clean and healthy. If necessary, you also increase the consumption of supplements according to the doctor's advice.
In addition, regular exercise, adequate sleep, no smoking, and not consuming alcoholic beverages can also increase the body's endurance to avoid the transmission of Corona viruses.
Some information mentions that sunbathing in the sun can also prevent the infection of the Corona virus. Unfortunately it still needs to be researched further.
4. Implement physical distancing and self-isolation
Physical restriction or physical distancing is one important step to break the chain of Corona virus spread. This can be done by not traveling out of the house, except for urgent or emergency purposes, such as grocery shopping or medication when sick.
Physical restriction is also done by keeping a distance of at least 1 meter with others and always using masks, especially during activities in public places or crowds.
During the physical distancing, you also need to avoid contact with people who are sick, suspected to be infected with Corona viruses, or have already expressed positive COVID-19.
If you have any of the symptoms of a mild COVID-19, have a history of travel or live in areas infected with Corona virus in the last 14 days, or ever contact with a person who expressed positive COVID-19, you are encouraged to do self-isolation.
In addition, self-isolation is also recommended to be performed by people who are high risk of being infected with Corona viruses, such as the elderly or people with accompanying diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, or weak body endurance.
5. Clean the house and do a routine disinfection
In addition to self-hygiene, keeping home hygiene is also very important done during the COVID-19 pandemic taking place. This is because the Corona virus proved to be able to survive for hours and even days on the surface of an object.
Therefore, the House has to be routinely cleaned and done disinfect thoroughly, including the furniture and home appliances that are often touched, such as doorknob, remote telly, water faucet, and table surface.
When cleaning or disinfection, you need to use gloves and masks, as well as wash your hands with clean water and soap after you finish cleaning the house. This is done to prevent the transmission of Corona viruses that may occur.
If you are experiencing flu symptoms, such as cough, fever, and colds, which are accompanied by weakness and shortness of breath, especially if in the last 2 weeks you are travelling to regions or countries that are infected with Corona virus infections, immediately consult a doctor to be assured of the cause and be given appropriate treatment.
If you want to get more information on symptoms, treatment steps, and Corona virus precautions, you can use the live chat feature with a doctor in the ALODOCTOR app. In addition, you can also make a consultation appointment with a doctor in the hospital.
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